Last edited one year ago

SAI internal peripheral

Applicable for STM32MP13x lines, STM32MP15x lines

1. Article purpose[edit source]

The purpose of this article is to:

  • briefly introduce the SAI peripheral and its main features,
  • indicate the peripheral instances assignment at boot time and their assignment at runtime (including whether instances can be allocated to secure contexts),
  • list the software frameworks and drivers managing the peripheral,
  • explain how to configure the peripheral.

2. Peripheral overview[edit source]

The SAI (Serial Audio Interface) peripheral offers a wide set of audio protocols, such as: I2S standards (LSB or MSB-justified), PCM/DSP, TDM and S/PDIF. The SAI contains two independent audio sub-blocks. Each sub-block has its own clock generator and I/O line controller, and can be configured either as transmitter or receiver.

Refer to the STM32 MPU reference manuals for the complete list of features, and to the software frameworks and drivers, introduced below, to see which features are implemented.

3. Peripheral usage[edit source]

This chapter is applicable in the scope of the OpenSTLinux BSP running on the Arm® Cortex®-A processor(s), and the STM32CubeMPU Package running on the Arm® Cortex®-M processor.

3.1. Boot time assignment[edit source]

The SAI peripheral is not used at boot time.

3.2. Runtime assignment[edit source]

3.2.1. On STM32MP13x lines More info.png[edit source]

Click on the right to expand the legend...

STM32MP13 internal peripherals

Check boxes illustrate the possible peripheral allocations supported by STM32 MPU Embedded Software:

  • means that the peripheral can be assigned to the given runtime context.
  • means that the peripheral is assigned by default to the given runtime context and that the peripheral is mandatory for the STM32 MPU Embedded Software distribution.
  • means that the peripheral can be assigned to the given runtime context, but this configuration is not supported in STM32 MPU Embedded Software distribution.
  • is used for system peripherals that cannot be unchecked because they are hardware connected in the device.

Refer to How to assign an internal peripheral to an execution context for more information on how to assign peripherals manually or via STM32CubeMX.
The present chapter describes STMicroelectronics recommendations or choice of implementation. Additional possibilities might be described in STM32MP13 reference manuals.

Domain Peripheral Runtime allocation Comment
Instance Cortex-A7
secure
(OP-TEE)
Cortex-A7
non-secure
(Linux)
Audio SAI SAI1 Assignment (single choice)
SAI2 Assignment (single choice)

3.2.2. On STM32MP15x lines More info.png[edit source]

Click on the right to expand the legend...

STM32MP15 internal peripherals

Check boxes illustrate the possible peripheral allocations supported by STM32 MPU Embedded Software:

  • means that the peripheral can be assigned to the given runtime context.
  • means that the peripheral is assigned by default to the given runtime context and that the peripheral is mandatory for the STM32 MPU Embedded Software distribution.
  • means that the peripheral can be assigned to the given runtime context, but this configuration is not supported in STM32 MPU Embedded Software distribution.
  • is used for system peripherals that cannot be unchecked because they are hardware connected in the device.

Refer to How to assign an internal peripheral to an execution context for more information on how to assign peripherals manually or via STM32CubeMX.
The present chapter describes STMicroelectronics recommendations or choice of implementation. Additional possiblities might be described in STM32MP15 reference manuals.

Domain Peripheral Runtime allocation Comment
Instance Cortex-A7
secure
(OP-TEE)
Cortex-A7
non-secure
(Linux)
Cortex-M4

(STM32Cube)
Audio SAI SAI1 Assignment (single choice)
SAI2 Assignment (single choice)
SAI3 Assignment (single choice)
SAI4 Assignment (single choice)

4. Software frameworks and drivers[edit source]

Below are listed the software frameworks and drivers managing the SAI peripheral for the embedded software components listed in the above tables.

5. How to assign and configure the peripheral[edit source]

The peripheral assignment can be done via the STM32CubeMX graphical tool (and manually completed if needed).
This tool also helps to configure the peripheral:

  • partial device trees (pin control and clock tree) generation for the OpenSTLinux software components,
  • HAL initialization code generation for the STM32CubeMPU Package.

The configuration is applied by the firmware running in the context in which the peripheral is assigned.

When the Arm® Cortex®-A7 core operates in non-secure access mode, the SAI is controlled by the Linux kernel framework. Refer to SAI Linux driver to drive the SAI through Linux kernel ALSA framework. Refer to Soundcard configuration and SAI device tree configuration to configure the SAI through the Linux kernel device tree[1].

6. How to go further[edit source]

STM32H7 SAI training [2] introduces the SAI features and applications. The SAI versions in STM32H7 and STM32MP1 series are very close. In consequence this training is also relevant for STM32MP1 series. The user should refer to the STM32MP13 reference manuals or STM32MP15 reference manuals for a complete description.

7. References[edit source]