- Last edited 5 months ago ago
How to use USB mass storage in U-Boot
This page explains how to use the U-Boot command
ums to update a SD card or e•MMC on the device.
1 ums command
In U-Boot, you can directly export the available block devices (sd/mmc/usb) such as USB mass storage devices with ums command:
help ums ums - Use the UMS [USB Mass Storage] Usage: ums <USB_controller> [<devtype>] <dev[:part]> e.g. ums 0 mmc 0 devtype defaults to mmc
This U-Boot command
ums is infinite (a loop in USB treatments), and the U-Boot console is blocked until user enters a Ctrl-C.
2 Exporting a block device
On STMicroelectronics boards, the OTG USB controller device index is 0, SD card = "mmc 0" and, when available, e•MMC = "mmc 1".
You can check the device connected on an SDMMC with the U-Boot command "mmc info".
You can also export a USB device connected to the USB host controller (USBH) = "usb 0".
Then, execute one of the following commands:
Comments ums 0 mmc 0 --> start ums on SD card Ctrl-C
Comments ums 0 mmc 1 --> start ums on e•MMC Ctrl-C
Comments usb start --> start USB host controller ums 0 usb 0 --> start ums on USB device 0 (USB key for example) Ctrl-C usb stop --> stop USB host controller
After a delay (up to 15 seconds), the host sees the exported block device and you can use any command on the PC to access the partitions of the exported memory (dd, mount, cp, rsync). A Ctrl-C is needed to stop the command.
See also How to manually update bootloaders.