Last edited 6 months ago

How to control a GPIO in kernel space

Applicable for STM32MP13x lines, STM32MP15x lines, STM32MP25x lines

1. Purpose[edit source]

This article gives an example of a driver that controls GPIOs from kernel space.
Sample source files are provided as examples: kernel module (driver), device tree and Makefile.
This example is available for STM32MP15_Evaluation_boards or STM32MP15_Discovery_kits

2. Code[edit source]

2.1. Objective[edit source]

Sample gpiolib usage code that makes an LED blink for 20 seconds.

2.2. Device tree[edit source]

dummy_device {
   compatible = "st,dummy";
   status = "okay";
   greenled-gpios = <&gpioa 14 (GPIO_ACTIVE_HIGH | GPIO_PULL_UP)>;

See GPIO_device_tree_configuration for more details of GPIO use in a device tree.

2.3. Kernel module code[edit source]

#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/of_device.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/gpio/consumer.h>
#include <linux/platform_device.h>

struct gpio_desc *red, *green;

static int gpio_init_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
   int i = 0;

   printk("GPIO example init\n");

   /* "greenled" label is matching the device tree declaration. OUT_LOW is the value at init */
   green = devm_gpiod_get(&pdev->dev, "greenled", GPIOD_OUT_LOW);

   /* blink of the green led */	
   while (i < 10)
	gpiod_set_value(green, 1);

	gpiod_set_value(green, 0);


static int gpio_exit_remove(struct platform_device *pdev)
   printk("GPIO example exit\n");

/* this structure does the matching with the device tree */
/* if it does not match the compatible field of DT, nothing happens */
static struct of_device_id dummy_match[] = {
    {.compatible = "st,dummy"},
    {/* end node */}

static struct platform_driver dummy_driver = {
    .probe = gpio_init_probe,
    .remove = gpio_exit_remove,
    .driver = {
        .name = "dummy_driver",
                .owner = THIS_MODULE,
                .of_match_table = dummy_match,

MODULE_AUTHOR("Bernard Puel");

2.4. Kernel module build[edit source]

See Adding_external_out-of-tree_Linux_kernel_modules for further information on module compilation.

2.5. Kernel module use[edit source]

 scp dummy_driver.ko root@<board ip address>:/lib/modules/
  • Update dependency descriptions for loadable kernel modules, and synchronize the data on disk with memory
 /sbin/depmod -a
  • Insert the kernel module example into the Linux kernel
 modprobe dummy_driver
[18167.821725] dummy_driver: GPIO example init