Last edited 4 weeks ago

RISAB device tree configuration

Applicable for STM32MP25x lines

1. Article purpose[edit source]

The purpose of this article is to explain how to configure the RISAB peripheral using the device tree mechanism, relying on the bindings documentation, that is the description of the required and optional device-tree properties.

The RISAB peripheral configuration can only be done by the CPU running in TDCID mode.

2. DT bindings documentation[edit source]

The RISAB driver configures the memory regions referenced in the "memory-region" property. Those regions' security configuration resides in the "st,protreg" property and they must be within the memory range defined by the "st,mem-map" property. In opposition to the RISAF, it is possible to allow secure read/write data accesses to nonsecure blocks and pages (secure execute remains illegal) by setting the "st,srwiad" property.

The device tree binding documents are stored either in the given applicable components listed below:

3. DT configuration[edit source]

This hardware description is a combination of the STM32 microprocessor device tree files (.dtsi extension) and board device tree files (.dts extension). See the Device tree for an explanation of the device-tree file organization.

STM32CubeMX can be used to generate the board device tree. Refer to How to configure the DT using STM32CubeMX for more details.

RISAB is used to assign memory pages (memory regions) to one or more security domains (secure, privilege, compartment). The definition of these regions/sub regions resides in the board-resmem device tree file and their secure configuration resides in the board-rif device tree file. Both are fully customizable.

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Note: Assigning blocks of a page to a different secure/privileged context with the same CID is possible but not yet supported.

3.1. DT configuration (STM32/SoC level)[edit source]

The RISAB node is located in the device tree file for the software components supporting the peripheral and listed in the above DT bindings documentation paragraph.

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This device tree part is related to STM32 microprocessors. It must be kept as is, without being modified by the end-user.

The RISAB nodes are defined at SoC device file level as:

 risab3: risab@42110000 {
      compatible = "st,stm32mp25-risab";
      reg = <0x42110000 0x1000>;
      clocks = <&rcc CK_ICN_LS_MCU>;
      st,mem-map = <0xa040000 0x20000>;  //Memory range covered by the RISAB3 (128KBytes SRAM1)

3.2. DT configuration (board level)[edit source]

The objective of this chapter is to explain how to enable and configure the RISAB DT nodes for a board.

Memory regions and security configurations are done in specific board device tree files (board-resmem (regions) board-rif (secure configuration)).

3.2.1. DT configuration (board level) - board device tree[edit source]

All of the RISAB instances are default enabled at board level.

3.2.2. DT configuration (board level) - resmem board device tree[edit source]

This device tree file contains all board dependent reserved memory nodes declaration. All memory regions under RISAB protection must be declared here. Example for the RISAB 3 topology in the stm32mp257f-ev1-ca35tdcid-resmem.dtsi file:

 /* Internal RAM reserved memory declaration */
 bsec_mirror: bsec-mirror@a040000 {
      reg = <0x0 0xa040000 0x0 0x1000>;   //First page of the SRAM1, covered by the RISAB3
 mcuram1: mcuram1@a041000 {
      reg = <0x0 0xa041000 0x0 0x1f000>; //Other 31 pages of the SRAM1, covered by the RISAB3
 //No block subdivision in each page

Notice that there is no secure configuration present in this extract.

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The topology of the memory zones and the number/size of each zone are fully customizable as long as the regions do not overlap and are within the memory range defined in the st,mem-map property of the RISAB.
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Changing the topology of these zones may require an update of configuration in the associated software components.

3.2.3. DT configuration (board level) - secure configuration board device tree[edit source]

This device tree file contains all board customizable security configurations. All memory regions that one wishes to configure and enable must appear in this file. Example of a secured RISAB zone:

 //SYSRAM1 zone is not delegated, is secure and accessible in read/write/privileged modes by CID1
 &sysram1 {

Example for the RISAB3 regions described in the reserved memory description chapter.

&bsec_mirror {
 //bsec_mirror region is not delegated, secure and accessible only by CID1(Read/Write/Priv-only) and CID2(Read/Priv-only) modes
&cm33_sram1 {
 //cm33_sram1 region is not delegated, non-secure and accessible only by CID2 in Read/Write modes
 //The memory zones that will be configured by a RISAB's driver are listed in its node
 &risab3 {
      st,srwiad;       //The non-secure memory zones covered by this RISAB will be accessible in read/write by the secure world
      memory-region = <&bsec_mirror>, <&mcuram1>;
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If a memory range is not covered by a region in the memory-region property, it will not be configured by the RISAB driver and will inherit from the RISAB default configuration, which is fixed to secure, nonprivileged and TDCID accesses only.
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For more information on the RISABPROT macro, refer to the RISABPROT section of the Memory region bindings .

4. How to configure the DT using STM32CubeMX[edit source]

The STM32CubeMX tool can be used to configure the STM32MPU device and get the corresponding platform configuration device tree files.
STM32CubeMX may not support all the properties described in the DT binding files listed in the above DT bindings documentation paragraph. If so, the tool inserts user sections in the generated device tree. These sections can then be edited to add some properties, and they are preserved from one generation to another. Refer to the STM32CubeMX user manual for further information.

5. Debug the configuration[edit source]

To learn more on this subject, visit: How to analyze IAC & SERC errors

6. References[edit source]

Refer to the following links for additional information: RIF overview